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  Raksha Bandhan - Rakhi Festival  

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Raksha Bandhan - Rakhi Festival
The festival of Rakhi Purnima generally takes place in the
month of August. It is celebrated with great joy and excitement all around India. Known as Raksha Bandhan in other parts of the country, it symbolises love, affection and feeling of brotherhood. Rakhi, a colourful piece of art, with silken threads entwined together in an attractive manner and adorned with beads and golden threads is placed on the wrists of brothers for their good health, wealth, happiness and success. The brothers in return pledge to protect their sisters from danger.
 

Rakhi festival establishes the bond of love and affection between the siblings.
Raksha Bandhan is known in various names throughout the country. Those are---Rakhi, Rakhari and Solono. The name Raksha Bandhan is derived from the main ceremony of the day---tying of an ornamental cord round the wrist. The silk or cotton cord is called 'Raksha'---intended to serve as an amulet guarding the

 
 

wearer from all kind of evils. According to popular notion, Rakhi is distinctively a Brahmin festival, the privilege of observing it being confined to Brahmins alone. The notion is based on an ancient saying which enumerates four chief denominational festivals, corresponding to four chief divisions of Hindus. Thus this festival is for Brahmins, Dussehra for Kshatriyas, Diwali for Vaishyas and Holi for Shudras.
But with evolution Raksha Bandhan is a festival which has broken all barriers of caste and creed and has remained with us for its essence of deep emotional bonding of love, brotherhood and harmony. Sisters all over the country eagerly await for Rakhi day to wish their dear brothers.

Origin______________________________________________
It is said that Rakhi Purnima originated when Indrani, wife of Lord Indra, prepared a talisman which she tied on her husband's wrist on Sravan Purnima to win the battle against the demons. The power of the talisman made the Gods victorious.
Ever since, on Sravan Purnima, the tradition of tying the thread began and it was believed that the persons would be blessed with health, wealth, happiness and victories.


History
______________________________________________
The practice of tying Rakhi was prevalent among the Rajputs and our history is full of instances related to the significance of this tradition. At the time of war when the brave Rajput soldiers prepared to go to the battle field, the women folk followed the ritual of tying a thread around their wrist after applying a dash of vermilion powder on their forehead. This was considered a sign of good omen and the ladies believed that it would protect their men from the enemy's blow and bring them victory.
The queen of Mewar, Maharani Karmavati, had to face the threat of Governor Bahadur Shah who laid seige on her kingdom. Helpless she sent a rakhi to the Mughal king, Humayun. The emperor who under normal circumstances would not have preferred to help a Rajput ruler, decided to protect her from the threat. Humayun reached Mewar chased Bahadur Shah and his men and restored the kingdom to the queen of Mewar.

There were instances during our freedom struggle when freedom fighters wore the tread around their wrists with pride. Rabindranath Tagore introduced this tradition in Santiniketan to reestablish the bond of love between all sects and religions.
Today Rakhi is tied on the wrists of soldiers by children and women all around the country filling the soldiers with the zest to protect them against the dangers of the enemy.

 
     
 
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