Bandhan - Rakhi Purnima
of Rakhi Purnima generally takes place in the month of August.
It is celebrated with great joy and excitement all around
India. Known as Raksha Bandhan in other parts of the country, it symbolises
love, affection and feeling of brotherhood. Rakhi,
a colourful piece of art, with silken threads entwined together in an
attractive manner and adorned with beads and golden threads are placed
on the wrists of brothers for their good health, wealth, happiness and
success. The brothers in return pledge to protect their sisters from danger.
of evils. According to popular notion, it is distinctively a Brahmin festival,
the privilege of observing
it being confined to Brahmin alone. The notion is based on an ancient
saying which enumerates four chief denominational festivals, corresponding
to four chief divisions of Hindus. Thus this festival is for Brahmins,
Dussehra for Kshatriyas, Diwali for Vaishyas and Holi for Shudras. But
now all the sisters wait for this day to wish their dear brothers.
is said that Rakhi Purnima originated when Indrani, wife of Lord Indra,
prepared a talisman which she tied on her husband's wrist on Sravan Purnima
to win the battle against the demons. The power of the talisman made the
Ever since, on Sravan Poornima day, the tradition of tying the thread
began and it was believed that the persons would be blessed with health,
wealth, happiness and victories.
practice was prevalent among the Rajputs and our history is full of instances
related to the significance of this tradition. At the time of war when
the brave Rajput soldiers prepared to go to the battle field, the women
folk followed the ritual of tying a thread around their wrist after applying
a dash of vermilion powder on their forehead. This was considered a sign
of good omen and the ladies believed that it would protect their men from
the enemy's blow and bring them victory.
The queen of Mewar, Maharani Karmavati, had to face the threat of Governor
Bahadur Shah who laid seige on her kingdom. Helpless she sent a rakhi
to the Mughal king, Humayun. The emperor who under normal circumstances
would not have preferred to help a Rajput ruler, decided to protect her
from the threat. Humayun reached Mewar chased Bahadur Shah and his men
and restored the kingdom to the queen of Mewar.
There were instances
during our freedom struggle when freedom fighters wore the tread around
their wrists with pride. Rabindranath Tagore introduced this tradition
in Santiniketan to reestablish the bond of love between all sects and
Today Rakhi is tied on the wrists of soldiers
by children and women all around the country filling the soldiers with
the zest to protect them against the dangers of the enemy.